Ghee, also known as clarified butter, has been deemed a bit of a super-fat in health circles for a variety of reasons, not the least of which are that it’s both paleo-friendly and lactose-free. But while it’s currently on-trend, this butter derivative actually has a long history in the culinary and medicinal worlds of Southeast Asia, and may just be the fat to change the way you cook.
What is Ghee?
A butter derivative with no lactose? It almost seems too good to be true, and yet ghee is very real.
Ghee is a clarified butter that has had its milk solids toasted then skimmed away from the fat, resulting in a product that combines oil’s very high smoke point and butter’s rich, nutty flavor and excellent nutritional profile.
Ghee may only now be appearing on store shelves with any regularity, but it’s been around for more than 5,000 years throughout the Indian subcontinent, where it is traditionally made from sacred cows’ milk and used in religious ceremonies. Ghee is also commonly used as a cooking fat, particularly in Punjabi cuisine – the regional cuisine served in most Indian restaurants – where it is preferred to oil for its rich flavor.
5 Health Benefits of Ghee
As a butter byproduct, ghee is a type of cooking fat. That said, as last year’s update to the federal health guidelines confirmed, not all fats are created equal, and ghee, as an animal-derived fat, may be one of the best options.
“The more we learn about the dangers of partially hydrogenated oils, the more healthful these alternative spreads look,” says Rafael Avila, Director of Research and Development at Nature’s Plus.
While it took modern medicine some time to catch up, traditional Ayurvedic medicine has long prescribed ghee for digestive issues, ulcers, and for the product’s natural vitalizing properties.
That said, it’s important to choose the source of your ghee carefully. As Christina Major of Crystal Holistic Health explains, “In naturally raised animals, the fat profile is healthy. There are over 30 different fats, and when butter is clarified into ghee, the fat profile is near perfect for us.”
If the animals aren’t raised naturally or healthfully, however, as with conventional butter products, this concentrated ghee can have the opposite effect, and at the very least, it won’t boast nearly as many health benefits.
Ghee is both lactose- and casein-free; both of these elements of butter are removed during the clarifying process. Because of this, ghee can often be enjoyed by those who cannot consume other dairy products. Do be aware that this is not the case for all lactose intolerant people, and check with your doctor before consuming if you have dairy allergies or sensitivities.
2. Contains Alkalizing Short-Chained Fats
Unlike butter, ghee is an alkalinizing food thanks to its short-chained fats known as butyrates, which are thought to promote healthy bacterial growth in the intestines. This is one of the reasons why ghee has traditionally been used for bowel enemas in Indian medicine.
That said, you can obtain many of the same benefits just by consuming ghee, as Cate Stillman, founder of Yogahealer.com and Ayurvedic expert, explains, “Beneficial intestinal bacteria convert fiber into butyric acid and then use that for energy and intestinal wall support. Therefore, this aids in your body’s natural digestive function.”
3. Rich in Metabolism-Boosting Medium-Chain Fats
Ghee is also rich in medium-chain fatty acids which, like carbohydrates, are absorbed directly into the liver and metabolized as energy. According to Stillman, “Studies show that when replacing butter with ghee, metabolism increases, and cholesterol remains unaffected.”
4. High in CLA
An additional fat that is particularly present in grass-fed ghee is conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a fatty acid that has been associated with anti-cancer and weight loss benefits.
5. Good Source of Vitamins K, A, and E
When made from quality butter, ghee is also a great source of fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamins K, A, and E. “Since the volume is reduced, the concentration of these vitamins is increased,” explains Major. “Plus, with all the healthy fats, the required co-nutrients to help absorption are right there with the vitamins.”
How to Make Ghee
The traditional Ayurvedic method of making ghee involves boiling raw milk, cooling it, adding yogurt cultures, and allowing it to sit for 12 hours before churning and simmering — a complicated process that makes store-bought ghee look like a better option. But you can make ghee much more simply at home.
Begin by melting eight ounces of organic, grass-fed, unsalted butter in a saucepan. Simmer over a low heat, watching it carefully. First, the butter will foam up, then it will begin to bubble, like boiling water. Once all of the water in the butter has boiled off, the butter will stop bubbling for a moment and then foam a second time; this means that all of the water has evaporated, and you are left with pure fat.
At this point, allow to cool for two to three minutes before straining through cheesecloth to remove the toasted milk solids.
Ghee can be kept in a dark place at room temperature for a month, stored in a sealed container.
What is Ghee Used For?
Ghee is used traditionally in a number of cuisines, but it has been rapidly gaining in popularity because it is one of the only dairy products that is Whole30- and paleo-friendly.
While these whole food diets generally eschew dairy, the fact that the milk solids are removed from ghee means that it is not actually considered dairy — at least for the purposes of these diets.
“By removing the lactose and milk proteins, ghee no longer presents problems to those with lactose or dairy intolerance,” explains Jonathan Clinthorne, PhD. Manager of Scientific Affairs at Natural Grocers.
Specifically, ghee does not have the inflammatory properties that butter and other dairy products contain; these properties are the main reason why dairy products are forbidden on these diets.
“Ghee is sometimes considered acceptable for Paleo because the milk solids are fully caramelized in the cooking process, and therefore it is pretty much pure fat,” explains Andrew Westrich, Organic Valley Brand Manager. “The allergens in dairy are mostly attached to the milk protein – so not present in ghee.”
“So it depends on how dogmatic Paleo dieters want to be,” he continues. “If you truly want to eat like a caveman, then dairy and ghee would not be on your menu. If you want the benefits of eating like a caveman with some modern amenities, then you are good to go with ghee.”
While ghee boasts the nutrition of butter, it also has the smoke point of oil, meaning that it’s a versatile fat that can find its way into your cooking in a myriad of different ways — and even used for its non-cooking related uses.
Ghee is the ideal fat to use for deep-frying, as it has a high smoke point of 250°C (482°F). Try using ghee to make onion pakodas, a gluten-free fried treat.
2. Toasting Spices
Traditional Indian cooking calls for toasting all spices before adding them to a dish for flavor. Fry your spices in ghee to infuse the cooking fat before making a soup, stew, or curry.
3. A Condiment
Use ghee in place of butter as a spread on toast, on steamed vegetables, or on steak. Ghee contains a lot more flavor than regular butter, so use sparingly.
The trend of adding butter to coffee works just as well with nutty ghee; try this bulletproof coffee for astounding health benefits starting first thing in the morning.
5. Healing the Skin
Ayurvedic medicine calls for using ghee for skincare; first, the ghee must be carefully washed to purify it. This can be achieved by combining ghee with an equal amount of water and mixing by hand for three to five minutes before changing out the water. While traditionally, this is done 100 times, in practice, 20 to 30 minutes should do it.
The washed ghee can then be used as a fantastic moisturizer that also reduces the appearance of scars.
6. Healing the Lips
Ghee’s natural vitamin content makes it a great cure for chapped or dry lips. Apply a few drops before going to bed, and wake up with super soft, moisturized lips.
7. Ayurvedic Massage
Ghee is traditionally associated with rejuvenation in Ayurvedic medicine, making it a great tool in Ayurvedic massage.
Where to Buy Ghee
If you’d rather buy ghee than make your own, you’re in luck — you can find ghee in most large supermarkets nowadays, and since it’s shelf stable, you can even stock up on your favorite brands.
Always look for an organic, grass-fed brand of ghee, like Pure Indian Foods, Carrington Farms, Fourth & Heart, and Organic Valley. These brands generally cost between $15 and $25 per 13-ounce jar.
You can find great organic, grass-fed ghee brands via Thrive Market.
“Our product selection for Ghee is very consistent with how we source across our entire product catalog,” explains Jeremiah C. McElwee, SVP Merchandising + Private Label, Thrive Market, noting that all products are either GMO-free or certified organic.
“For ghee specifically, we also look at animal welfare and, as you will see on the site, we have three options: Purity Farms which is Certified Organic and made from butter sourced from pasture raised cows, Fourth & Heart which is produced in small batches and features butter sourced from exclusively grass-fed cows, and our Thrive Market branded product which is made with butter sourced from pasture-raised, grass fed cows from New Zealand.”